Expansion of Admission Boards to Additional Localities: Practical Kahanism

>> Read the full position paper  

This position paper comes in response to Otzma Yehudit MK Yitzhak Kreuzer’s proposal to amend Amendment No. 8 to the Cooperative Societies Ordinance (popularly known as the “Admission Boards Law”), which regulated the conditions for the operation of admission boards in “cooperative societies in the Galilee and the Negev” where “the total number of households of both the initial community and subsequent expansions does not exceed 400.” At the time of the amendment, this applied to approximately 300 localities, whereas Kreuzer now proposes to expand the admission board machanism to all outlying areas and to the settlements in the West Bank, as well as to significantly increase the number of localities where the law may be applied, by including localities with up to 1,000 households.

Zulat’s position is that this proposal will lead to a dangerous expansion of apartheid practices within the State of Israel:

• It is a far-reaching expansion of a racial segregation mechanism, which the Knesset shunned in the past.
• It will officially expand racial segregation to hundreds of additional localities whose only “community characteristic” will be racial purity, in contravention of the principle of equality and Israel’s international obligations.
• It will expand racial segregation practices to urban localities.
• It will strengthen Kahanism in Israel.
• It befits authoritarian regimes that deny minority human rights, use divide-and-rule practices, and blame their failures on minorities.
• It will exacerbate disparities and the plight of the non-Jewish public given that the government is not expected to establish any communal localities for non-Jews.
• It will apply to the settlements in the West Bank, in contravention of international law.
• As long as it is not enshrined in a Basic Law, ordinary bills such as will continue to challenge the right to equality.


Dr. Maha Sabbah Karkabi


Senior Lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. She holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from Tel Aviv University (2015), a postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for Gender Studies, SOAS, University of London (2015-2016), a postdoctoral fellowship in the Department of Sociology at Tel Aviv University (2016-2017), and a postdoctoral fellowship Ph.D. at the Humphrey Institute for Social Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (2018-2020).
Dr. Maha Karbahi’s areas of interest focus on the connection between social change, family behavior, and gender inequality in societies in the process of change and specifically in Palestinian Arab society in Israel. Her research draws attention to the study of family life and employment, using a combined “ethnic lens” and “gender lens” and paying attention to the perspective of Palestinian Arab women, a group characterized by intersections between multiple marginal locations, which over the years has remained hidden from the research eye. Dr. Karkabi-Sabah’s research is published in professional journals and chapters in scientific books that are considered pioneers in family research, work, and gender equality.


Prof. Frances Raday

Professor Emeritus in the Lieberman Chair in Labor Law, in the Faculty of Law at the Hebrew University and serves as a full professor in the College of Management’s academic track, where she also serves as chair of the graduate program and as honorary president of the Concord Center for International Law Absorption. Radai was a member of a working group of the UN Human Rights Council on discrimination against women. In addition, she is a prominent and feminist human rights activist.


Dr. Rawia Aburabia 

Faculty member of Sapir Academic College’s School of Law, received her PhD from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Her research deals with the interface between law, gender, minorities, and human rights. Has published in leading journals on the subject of the matrimonial laws pertaining to Muslim women in Israel. Her book Under the Law, Outside Justice: Polygamy, Gendered Citizenship, and Colonialism in Israeli Law is expected to be published as part of the Gender Series of Kibbutz Meuhad Publishing House.

Dr. Aburabia has extensive experience in international human rights and public law. She has worked as a jurist for the Association for Civil Right and has been invited as a specialist to address such international forums as the United Nations and the European Parliament on the subject of indigenous communities and minority rights. She has interned with Human Rights Watch in Washington DC, and has been a member of the executive board of Amnesty International. In 2018, she was selected by the magazine Globes as one of the 40 most promising young persons in Israel under the age of 40.



Ron Kessler

With over two decades of experience in the field of digital content, Ron has participated in numerous political and social campaigns. He helped run the digital activity of senior public officials, and worked in various NGOs. Ron is a fundamentally optimistic man, who believes that Israel can be changed and so can people. Lives in Tel Aviv.