Human Rights Index – Survey No.3, July 2022

>> For the full data of the July 2022 survey – click here

>> اقرؤوا مسح تموز 2022 | For Arabic click here

The third survey was conducted with the collaboration of Reichman University’s Institute for Liberty and Responsibility.

The survey dealt with the issue of encounters between  Jewish and Arab students in Israel as means of promoting dialogue in the education system. The participants were asked whether the latter should take steps to increase or decrease the frequency of encounters between Jewish and Arab students as part of the school curriculum.

The findings point to a significant gap between the aforementioned desire of Arabs and Jews, as well as to differences concerning the political views of the respondents. At the same time, they also show that there is widespread support for increasing the frequency of such meetings among both leftists and centrists.

Any move to eradicate institutionalized discrimination against the Palestinian citizens of Israel must be reflected not only in a legitimate demand for equal budgets, but also in an active effort to respect and recognize the history and memory of a minority. Accordingly, the long-standing policy of separation requires an active initiative for unmediated encounters between Jewish and Arab students, in order to help them overcome negative barriers and stereotypes and become familiar with different narratives. Such a joint dialogue is essential for creating a universe of egalitarian concepts, beyond building contacts between students.

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Dr. Maha Sabbah Karkabi


Senior Lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. She holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from Tel Aviv University (2015), a postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for Gender Studies, SOAS, University of London (2015-2016), a postdoctoral fellowship in the Department of Sociology at Tel Aviv University (2016-2017), and a postdoctoral fellowship Ph.D. at the Humphrey Institute for Social Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (2018-2020).
Dr. Maha Karbahi’s areas of interest focus on the connection between social change, family behavior, and gender inequality in societies in the process of change and specifically in Palestinian Arab society in Israel. Her research draws attention to the study of family life and employment, using a combined “ethnic lens” and “gender lens” and paying attention to the perspective of Palestinian Arab women, a group characterized by intersections between multiple marginal locations, which over the years has remained hidden from the research eye. Dr. Karkabi-Sabah’s research is published in professional journals and chapters in scientific books that are considered pioneers in family research, work, and gender equality.


Prof. Frances Raday

Professor Emeritus in the Lieberman Chair in Labor Law, in the Faculty of Law at the Hebrew University and serves as a full professor in the College of Management’s academic track, where she also serves as chair of the graduate program and as honorary president of the Concord Center for International Law Absorption. Radai was a member of a working group of the UN Human Rights Council on discrimination against women. In addition, she is a prominent and feminist human rights activist.


Dr. Rawia Aburabia 

Faculty member of Sapir Academic College’s School of Law, received her PhD from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Her research deals with the interface between law, gender, minorities, and human rights. Has published in leading journals on the subject of the matrimonial laws pertaining to Muslim women in Israel. Her book Under the Law, Outside Justice: Polygamy, Gendered Citizenship, and Colonialism in Israeli Law is expected to be published as part of the Gender Series of Kibbutz Meuhad Publishing House.

Dr. Aburabia has extensive experience in international human rights and public law. She has worked as a jurist for the Association for Civil Right and has been invited as a specialist to address such international forums as the United Nations and the European Parliament on the subject of indigenous communities and minority rights. She has interned with Human Rights Watch in Washington DC, and has been a member of the executive board of Amnesty International. In 2018, she was selected by the magazine Globes as one of the 40 most promising young persons in Israel under the age of 40.



Ron Kessler

With over two decades of experience in the field of digital content, Ron has participated in numerous political and social campaigns. He helped run the digital activity of senior public officials, and worked in various NGOs. Ron is a fundamentally optimistic man, who believes that Israel can be changed and so can people. Lives in Tel Aviv.