Zulat’s Legislative Proposals

Bills on Reinstatement of Nonpartisanship

* Amendment of Basic Law: The Government (anchoring ability of civil servants to do their job without fear or favor)
* Amendment of Knesset Elections Law [Consolidated Version], 1969 (addition of fake news to list of offenses)
* Amendment of Party Financing Law (ban on fake news)
* Amendment of Penal Code, 1977 (addition of impersonation aimed at disseminating fake news to list of offenses)
* Amendment of Communication Law [Telecommunication and Broadcasting], 1982 (definition of fake news as ‘offensive content’)
* Amendment of Combating Criminal Organizations Law, 2003 (definition of fake news as ‘crime’)
* Amendment of Commissions of Inquiry and Inspection Committees, 2021 (transparency of proceedings)
* Amendment of Basic Law: The Government (transparency of government and ministerial committee meetings)
* Amendment of Police Ordinance, 2020 (selection of prospective Israel Police commissioners by professional-public headhunting committee)


Bills on Strengthening Participation in the Political Game

* Amendment of Elections Law, 1959 (definition of fake news as ‘unfair interference’)
* Amendment of Basic Law: The Knesset (reducing authority of Central Elections Committee to disqualify a candidate/list)
* Amendment of Knesset Law, 1994 (adequate representation of opposition factions in Knesset committees)
* Amendment of State Education Law, 1953 (repeal of ‘Breaking the Silence Law’)
* Amendment of Knesset Law, 1994 and Basic Law: The Knesset (repeal of ‘Impeachment Laws’)
* Amendment of Courts Law [Consolidated Version], 1984 (ban on appointment of judges based on political/party affiliation or if bias suspected)

Bills on Legislation and Fortification of Equality

* Basic Law: Equality, 2022 (new law proposal)
* Amendment of of Cooperative Societies Ordinance (repeal of Articles 6c(a)(5) and 6c(a)(6): ‘The Admission Boards Law’)
* Amendment of Knesset’s statutes (integration of principle of equality in all bills)
* Amendment of Citizenship Law, 2022 (ban discrimination in family reunifications of Palestinian citizens of Israel)
* Amendment of Value Added Tax Law, 2022 (VAT exemption on female sanitary products)
* Amendment of Compulsory Education Law, 2022 (free-of-charge supply of female sanitary products in schools)
* Accessibility of Female Sanitary Products in Public Buildings, 2022 (new law proposal)

Bills on Protection of Freedom of Expression and Protest

* Amendment of Police Ordinance (repeal of Article 82 banning flag hoisting)
* Amendment of Penal Code to combat false arrests, 2022 (repeal of Article 74)
* Amendment of Police Law to combat police violence, 2022 (prosecution of policemen)
* Amendment of Police Ordinance to enhance protection of Freedom of Protest and Expression Law, 2022
* Amendment of Budgetary Principles Law, 1985 (repeal of Article 3b: ‘The Nakba Law’)
* Amendment of Police Ordinance, 2020 (mandatory use of bodycams at demonstrations)
* Amendment of Penal Code to enhance protection of journalists, 2020
* Amendment of Police Ordinance Law, 2020 (new guidance on dispersing demonstrations)
* Amendment of Freedom of Information Law, 2020 (infringement of right to privacy)


Bills on Reinforcement of Human Rights Protection Mechanisms

* Creation of Human Rights Commission, 2022 (new law proposal)
* Human Rights Defenders, 2022 (new law proposal)
* Amendment of Basic Law: State Comptroller (regulating State Comptroller’s authority to audit compliance of public bodies with recognized human rights)
* Amendment of Internal Audit Law, 1992 (regulating authority of public bodies’ internal comptrollers to audit human rights issues)
* Amendment of Courts Law (requiring courts to establish departments to deal exclusively with sexual offenses)

Bills on Enhancing Independence of Civil Society

* Amendments to combat racism among public workers and professions requiring state licensing, 2022
* Repeal of Law on Duty of Disclosure for Groups Supported by a Foreign Political Entity, 2011
* Repeal of Law for Preventing Damage to the State of Israel Through Boycott, 2011
* Amendment of Entry into Israel Law, 1952 (repeal of clauses imposing restrictions on entry of boycott supporters)

Bills on General Topics

* Repeal of Basic Law: Referendum
* Amendment of Basic Law: Referendum (voting rights of permanent residents of territory subject to referendum)
* Amendment of several laws to strengthen protections against authoritarianism
* Amendment of several laws to address phenomenon of fake news, 2021


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Dr. Maha Sabbah Karkabi


Senior Lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. She holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from Tel Aviv University (2015), a postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for Gender Studies, SOAS, University of London (2015-2016), a postdoctoral fellowship in the Department of Sociology at Tel Aviv University (2016-2017), and a postdoctoral fellowship Ph.D. at the Humphrey Institute for Social Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (2018-2020).
Dr. Maha Karbahi’s areas of interest focus on the connection between social change, family behavior, and gender inequality in societies in the process of change and specifically in Palestinian Arab society in Israel. Her research draws attention to the study of family life and employment, using a combined “ethnic lens” and “gender lens” and paying attention to the perspective of Palestinian Arab women, a group characterized by intersections between multiple marginal locations, which over the years has remained hidden from the research eye. Dr. Karkabi-Sabah’s research is published in professional journals and chapters in scientific books that are considered pioneers in family research, work, and gender equality.


Prof. Frances Raday

Professor Emeritus in the Lieberman Chair in Labor Law, in the Faculty of Law at the Hebrew University and serves as a full professor in the College of Management’s academic track, where she also serves as chair of the graduate program and as honorary president of the Concord Center for International Law Absorption. Radai was a member of a working group of the UN Human Rights Council on discrimination against women. In addition, she is a prominent and feminist human rights activist.


Dr. Rawia Aburabia 

Faculty member of Sapir Academic College’s School of Law, received her PhD from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Her research deals with the interface between law, gender, minorities, and human rights. Has published in leading journals on the subject of the matrimonial laws pertaining to Muslim women in Israel. Her book Under the Law, Outside Justice: Polygamy, Gendered Citizenship, and Colonialism in Israeli Law is expected to be published as part of the Gender Series of Kibbutz Meuhad Publishing House.

Dr. Aburabia has extensive experience in international human rights and public law. She has worked as a jurist for the Association for Civil Right and has been invited as a specialist to address such international forums as the United Nations and the European Parliament on the subject of indigenous communities and minority rights. She has interned with Human Rights Watch in Washington DC, and has been a member of the executive board of Amnesty International. In 2018, she was selected by the magazine Globes as one of the 40 most promising young persons in Israel under the age of 40.



Ron Kessler

With over two decades of experience in the field of digital content, Ron has participated in numerous political and social campaigns. He helped run the digital activity of senior public officials, and worked in various NGOs. Ron is a fundamentally optimistic man, who believes that Israel can be changed and so can people. Lives in Tel Aviv.