Human Rights Index

Zulat’s Human Rights Index seeks to map out the Israeli public’s positions on human rights in order to assess which rights are important to Israelis and which ones are violated by the state, in order to restore the legitimacy of the human rights discourse based on a commitment to an equal and just society

Many indices on a variety of issues are published in Israel, but Zulat’s index is intended to ascertain the views of citizens on a wide range of human rights based on a broad conception of the subject, which sees universal rights, private and collective civil rights, and social rights (including the rights to dignity, education, and health) as a whole. The publication of our first quarterly survey aims at strengthening the foundations set forth in the Declaration of Independence that have been eroded over the years due to the fact that Israel lacks a full-fledged constitution that is long-standing and inviolable. We hope that a public debate about the findings of our index will then form the basis for the legislation of a Declaration on Human Rights that down the road will lead to the enactment of a constitution based on the Declaration of Independence

Zulat’s Human Rights Index is a long-term project and will continue for a long time. The index will include identical quarterly questions and specific questions on topical issues. The findings, which will be published quarterly, will make it possible to completely redefine the media’s agenda and discourse on equality and human rights, and the commitment to protect them.

Once a year, we will also publish a multi-year index, on the basis of which we will be able to take concrete steps and large-scale actions, to protect the most violated rights, as emerging from the findings. The research data will be made available to decision-makers, influencers, and civil society.


Dr. Maha Sabbah Karkabi


Senior Lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. She holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from Tel Aviv University (2015), a postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for Gender Studies, SOAS, University of London (2015-2016), a postdoctoral fellowship in the Department of Sociology at Tel Aviv University (2016-2017), and a postdoctoral fellowship Ph.D. at the Humphrey Institute for Social Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (2018-2020).
Dr. Maha Karbahi’s areas of interest focus on the connection between social change, family behavior, and gender inequality in societies in the process of change and specifically in Palestinian Arab society in Israel. Her research draws attention to the study of family life and employment, using a combined “ethnic lens” and “gender lens” and paying attention to the perspective of Palestinian Arab women, a group characterized by intersections between multiple marginal locations, which over the years has remained hidden from the research eye. Dr. Karkabi-Sabah’s research is published in professional journals and chapters in scientific books that are considered pioneers in family research, work, and gender equality.


Prof. Frances Raday

Professor Emeritus in the Lieberman Chair in Labor Law, in the Faculty of Law at the Hebrew University and serves as a full professor in the College of Management’s academic track, where she also serves as chair of the graduate program and as honorary president of the Concord Center for International Law Absorption. Radai was a member of a working group of the UN Human Rights Council on discrimination against women. In addition, she is a prominent and feminist human rights activist.


Dr. Rawia Aburabia 

Faculty member of Sapir Academic College’s School of Law, received her PhD from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Her research deals with the interface between law, gender, minorities, and human rights. Has published in leading journals on the subject of the matrimonial laws pertaining to Muslim women in Israel. Her book Under the Law, Outside Justice: Polygamy, Gendered Citizenship, and Colonialism in Israeli Law is expected to be published as part of the Gender Series of Kibbutz Meuhad Publishing House.

Dr. Aburabia has extensive experience in international human rights and public law. She has worked as a jurist for the Association for Civil Right and has been invited as a specialist to address such international forums as the United Nations and the European Parliament on the subject of indigenous communities and minority rights. She has interned with Human Rights Watch in Washington DC, and has been a member of the executive board of Amnesty International. In 2018, she was selected by the magazine Globes as one of the 40 most promising young persons in Israel under the age of 40.



Ron Kessler

With over two decades of experience in the field of digital content, Ron has participated in numerous political and social campaigns. He helped run the digital activity of senior public officials, and worked in various NGOs. Ron is a fundamentally optimistic man, who believes that Israel can be changed and so can people. Lives in Tel Aviv.