Webinar: Demand to Establish State Commission of Inquiry Into Failures of October 7

On 4 July 2024, Zulat held a webinar on the demand to establish a state commission of inquiry into the failures of October 7. The participants included Eyal Eshel, father of the late Roni Eshel, an IDF soldier posted on the Gaza border who was murdered by Hamas terrorists; Attorney Dafna Holtz-Lechner, a public law expert and petitioner to the Supreme Court; Prof. Raanan Sulitzeanu-Kenan of Hebrew University’s School of Public Policy; MK Rabbi Gilad Kariv of the Labor Party; former minister Yizhar Shai, whose son Staff Sergeant Yaron Uri Shai was killed in battle at Kerem Shalom; and Major General (res.) Gadi Shamni. The panel was moderated by journalist Tal Schneider.

Eyal Eshel:It’s been weeks that we have been seeking to meet with the IDF Chief of Staff, but to no avail so far. In another three months, I’ll be sending my other daughter to enlist in the army. How can I do that amid such a lack of trust? The military echelon needs to pay the price. We are not driven by revenge; I want justice to come to light for the children who will enlist tomorrow.”

Attorney Daphna Holtz-Lechner: “The army has been working nonstop to appear before a commission of inquiry. Not only is there no need to wait, but the time that has passed is to our detriment. A commission of inquiry is like a court, where you are supposed to remember your testimony. It is difficult to remember every detail after nine months. Evidence can disappear, be shredded, or get lost.”

Prof. Raanan Sulitzeanu-Kenan, who wrote Zulat’s position paper on the establishment of a commission of inquiry: “We researched many inquiry commissions in Israel and other countries, and we saw that the factor that most influences its appointment is the public prominence of the issue. If it remains on the agenda, chances significantly increase of a commission being established.”

MK Gilad Kariv: “In a properly functioning country it is not up to the Supreme Court to appoint a state commission of inquiry. However, ours is presently not a properly functioning country due to the failures of the executive branch and the weakness of the legislative branch. We need judicial intervention, which we wish were unnecessary. I would also expect President Herzog to make his voice heard on the matter.”.

Yizhar Shai: “Studies show that victims of traumatic events cannot start to recover until the culprits are found and responsibility is assumed. Only then does the healing process begin. Here, an entire nation must begin healing.”

Gadi Shamni: “Inquiry is the lifeblood of the state. Israel can find itself facing a real existential threat. It is important to investigate the decision-making process and the interface with the military echelon.”.

Watch (Hebrew, no subtitles):



Dr. Maha Sabbah Karkabi


Senior Lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. She holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from Tel Aviv University (2015), a postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for Gender Studies, SOAS, University of London (2015-2016), a postdoctoral fellowship in the Department of Sociology at Tel Aviv University (2016-2017), and a postdoctoral fellowship Ph.D. at the Humphrey Institute for Social Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (2018-2020).
Dr. Maha Karbahi’s areas of interest focus on the connection between social change, family behavior, and gender inequality in societies in the process of change and specifically in Palestinian Arab society in Israel. Her research draws attention to the study of family life and employment, using a combined “ethnic lens” and “gender lens” and paying attention to the perspective of Palestinian Arab women, a group characterized by intersections between multiple marginal locations, which over the years has remained hidden from the research eye. Dr. Karkabi-Sabah’s research is published in professional journals and chapters in scientific books that are considered pioneers in family research, work, and gender equality.


Prof. Frances Raday

Professor Emeritus in the Lieberman Chair in Labor Law, in the Faculty of Law at the Hebrew University and serves as a full professor in the College of Management’s academic track, where she also serves as chair of the graduate program and as honorary president of the Concord Center for International Law Absorption. Radai was a member of a working group of the UN Human Rights Council on discrimination against women. In addition, she is a prominent and feminist human rights activist.


Dr. Rawia Aburabia 

Faculty member of Sapir Academic College’s School of Law, received her PhD from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Her research deals with the interface between law, gender, minorities, and human rights. Has published in leading journals on the subject of the matrimonial laws pertaining to Muslim women in Israel. Her book Under the Law, Outside Justice: Polygamy, Gendered Citizenship, and Colonialism in Israeli Law is expected to be published as part of the Gender Series of Kibbutz Meuhad Publishing House.

Dr. Aburabia has extensive experience in international human rights and public law. She has worked as a jurist for the Association for Civil Right and has been invited as a specialist to address such international forums as the United Nations and the European Parliament on the subject of indigenous communities and minority rights. She has interned with Human Rights Watch in Washington DC, and has been a member of the executive board of Amnesty International. In 2018, she was selected by the magazine Globes as one of the 40 most promising young persons in Israel under the age of 40.



Ron Kessler

With over two decades of experience in the field of digital content, Ron has participated in numerous political and social campaigns. He helped run the digital activity of senior public officials, and worked in various NGOs. Ron is a fundamentally optimistic man, who believes that Israel can be changed and so can people. Lives in Tel Aviv.