Covid-19 Vaccination: The Israeli Case Study

Global perspectives on Covid-19 vaccination: Access to the Covid-19 vaccine in Israel

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This report describes the Covid-19 vaccination campaign in Israel between December 2020 and April 2021. It offers different perspectives on how Israel has dealt with the pandemic, including the fact that it was the first country in the world that started vaccinating its population.

It was written as part of a comprehensive global study conducted by the Heinrich Boell Foundation, which examines how countries around the world have dealt with the corona pandemic and managed the vaccination campaign against the virus. Having been at the forefront of research on the effects of the vaccination campaign on human rights in Israel and having been involved in the shaping of policy regarding different aspects of the pandemic and the dangers posed by it, Zulat was selected as the research institute that would review the Israeli case study.

The report emphasizes the unique method used by Israel whereby the vaccines were distributed through the health funds and the high responsiveness of most of the public, along with the phenomenon of “vaccine hesitancy” and its causes, especially in Arab society. It describes advocacy and a professional response to fake news as the best way to deal with vaccine hesitancy, and reviews the Green Pass requirement as a means to encourage vaccination as well as the ethical problems this tool presents.

In addition, the report highlights the disparity between the rapid and extensive accessibility of vaccines in Israel and the substantial lack of the same among the Palestinian population in the Occupied Territories, and underscores Israel’s obligation to provide vaccines to the Palestinians on moral, legal, and epidemiological grounds.



Photo: Unsplash


Dr. Maha Sabbah Karkabi


Senior Lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. She holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from Tel Aviv University (2015), a postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for Gender Studies, SOAS, University of London (2015-2016), a postdoctoral fellowship in the Department of Sociology at Tel Aviv University (2016-2017), and a postdoctoral fellowship Ph.D. at the Humphrey Institute for Social Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (2018-2020).
Dr. Maha Karbahi’s areas of interest focus on the connection between social change, family behavior, and gender inequality in societies in the process of change and specifically in Palestinian Arab society in Israel. Her research draws attention to the study of family life and employment, using a combined “ethnic lens” and “gender lens” and paying attention to the perspective of Palestinian Arab women, a group characterized by intersections between multiple marginal locations, which over the years has remained hidden from the research eye. Dr. Karkabi-Sabah’s research is published in professional journals and chapters in scientific books that are considered pioneers in family research, work, and gender equality.


Prof. Frances Raday

Professor Emeritus in the Lieberman Chair in Labor Law, in the Faculty of Law at the Hebrew University and serves as a full professor in the College of Management’s academic track, where she also serves as chair of the graduate program and as honorary president of the Concord Center for International Law Absorption. Radai was a member of a working group of the UN Human Rights Council on discrimination against women. In addition, she is a prominent and feminist human rights activist.


Dr. Rawia Aburabia 

Faculty member of Sapir Academic College’s School of Law, received her PhD from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Her research deals with the interface between law, gender, minorities, and human rights. Has published in leading journals on the subject of the matrimonial laws pertaining to Muslim women in Israel. Her book Under the Law, Outside Justice: Polygamy, Gendered Citizenship, and Colonialism in Israeli Law is expected to be published as part of the Gender Series of Kibbutz Meuhad Publishing House.

Dr. Aburabia has extensive experience in international human rights and public law. She has worked as a jurist for the Association for Civil Right and has been invited as a specialist to address such international forums as the United Nations and the European Parliament on the subject of indigenous communities and minority rights. She has interned with Human Rights Watch in Washington DC, and has been a member of the executive board of Amnesty International. In 2018, she was selected by the magazine Globes as one of the 40 most promising young persons in Israel under the age of 40.



Ron Kessler

With over two decades of experience in the field of digital content, Ron has participated in numerous political and social campaigns. He helped run the digital activity of senior public officials, and worked in various NGOs. Ron is a fundamentally optimistic man, who believes that Israel can be changed and so can people. Lives in Tel Aviv.